Año 4 - 2018

Font matter - Numéro 4

Isidro Soloaga, Editor

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Abstract Índice y aviso legal
Keywords
JEL-Codes
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Cada quien es diferente: El efecto de la salud sobre los ingresos laborales

Martínez, Gabriel

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Abstract The possible causal effect of health status towards labor income is studied. In an economic model people decide to move towards states of improvement in health or no improvement. The decision affects labor income. We explore models that pose other simpler causal relationships to evaluate the consistency of estimates. It is concluded that there is substantial heterogeneity in the relationship between health and labor income. Therefore, models that measure average effects are not informative. People with greater propensity to improve on health have the highest gains in labor income to do so, but the confidence intervals estimated for the marginal effects of improving on health are large.
Keywords health, wages, work, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, Mexico
JEL-Codes I15, J31
Downloads 386

Intergenerational Social Mobility in Mexico and its Regions Results from Rank-Rank Regressions

Delajara, Marcelo & Graña, Dositeo

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Abstract With data from the esru Social Mobility Survey (emovi) 2011 we run rank-rank regressions to estimate relative and absolute upward intergenerational social mobility in the dimensions of wealth, education, and occupational status in Mexico at national and regional levels. For the case of wealth, the estimations yield a clear regional pattern: the degree of social mobility is higher than the national average in the North and North-Central regions, similar to the national average in the Central region, and lower than average in the South region. In particular, it is estimated that the children of poor parents (i.e. parents in the 25th percentile rank in the national distribution of wealth of their generation) achieved greater than average progress if they grew up in the North region, and smaller than average progress if they grew up in the South region. The same results are found for the case of education and occupational status. However, in general, the differences between regional estimates of absolute educational mobility are not statistically significant; and the estimates of occupational mobility are not robust.
Keywords social mobility
JEL-Codes J62, E23, R10, N96, N36
Downloads 254

El impacto de las calificaciones de riesgo sobre la eficiencia y el cambio técnico de las Finanzas Públicas Estatales en México

Mendoza Velázquez, Alfonso & Zárate Mirón, Viviana E.

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Abstract A partir del Índice de Malmquist, en este estudio estimamos el cambio de eficiencia y los cambios técnicos de la administración financiera de los estados de México para el periodo 2004-2013. Como insumos utilizamos indicadores compuestos de dimensión, de sostenibilidad financiera, de apalancamiento y de ahorro fiscal. Como productos empleamos un factor compuesto de equilibrio financiero y un factor de inversión. Enseguida, a través de un modelo dinámico de datos panel, determinamos si la calificación crediticia de los gobiernos subnacionales y la calificación de riesgo país incentivan o desalientan la disciplina financiera de los gobiernos estatales en México. De acuerdo con nuestra revisión de literatura sobre gobiernos locales, estos dos temas, hasta ahora, han sido ignorados en su totalidad. Encontramos impactos diferenciados de las calificaciones de riesgo soberanas y subsoberanas sobre la eficiencia y el cambio técnico. Mientras que una de éstas desincentiva la eficiencia, la otra puede explicar de manera significativa el progreso técnico de las finanzas públicas.
Keywords riesgo crediticio soberano, calificación de riesgo subsoberano, eficiencia financiera, dea, Malmquist, equilibrio
JEL-Codes
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Still Looking for The Land of Opportunity: Regional Differences in Social Mobility in Mexico

Vélez Grajales, Roberto & Stabridis Arana, Omar & Minor Campa, Enrique E.

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Abstract The present study documents the heterogeneity of intergenerational mobility among Mexico's 32 federative entities. Given the lack of information pertaining to regional disaggregation, two data sources that together cover the required information and representativeness were matched: the esru Survey of Social Mobility in Mexico 2011 (emovi-2011) and the National Nutrition and Health Survey 2012 (ensanut-2012). Mobility is measured with reference to a wealth index that is calculated using the Multiple Correspondence Analysis (mca) method. The observed heterogeneity was found to be consistent with recent studies of the USA by Chetty et al. (2015). Such heterogeneity points to the existence of differences in opportunity among people in Mexico, not only at an urban-rural level, but also at the regional one. This result indicates the need for future surveys to collect primary information, in order to ensure the possibility of regionally disaggregating social mobility measures.
Keywords social mobility, wealth index, Mexico, regional disaggregation
JEL-Codes D31, I30, J62, O18, R10
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All articles are also available on RePEc: https://ideas.repec.org/s/smx/journl.html

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