Año 3 - 2017

Front matter - Número 3

Isidro Soloaga, Editor

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Abstract Índice y aviso legal
Keywords
JEL-Codes
Downloads 478

La Ley de Coordinación Fiscal en México: Una crítica aritmética

Arechederra Mustre, Fernando K. & Urzúa, Carlos M.

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Abstract From a political standpoint, the current Fiscal Coordination Law is surprising, since it redistributed federal transfers without causing an upheaval among the federal states. But, as this study shows, this law is even more surprising from an economic point of view, since it does not encourage economic activity and it does not stimulate the tax collection effort, as dictated by the original spirit of the initiative.
Keywords Ley de Coordinación Fiscal, México, entidades federativas, Fondo General de Participaciones
JEL-Codes H20, H73, H77
Downloads 771

Evaluación del impacto conjunto de programas de transferencia condicionadas y de apoyo a la producción agrícola sobre la pobreza y la producción de alimentos: el caso de PROSPERA y PROCAMPO en México

Yúnez Naude, Antonio & Dyer Leal, George & Rivera Ramírez, Fabiola & Stabridis Arana, Omar

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Abstract El estudio evalúa cuantitativamente los efectos que, sobre la vulnerabilidad, pobreza, educación y producción alimentaria de los hogares rurales de México, han tenido los dos principales programas federales basados en transferencias monetarias en México: Progresa-Oportunidades, para el combate a la pobreza; y Procampo, para apoyar el ingreso de los productores de cultivos básicos considerados no competitivos en el marco del Tratado Norteamericano de Libre Comercio o tlcan. A partir de dos enfoques empíricos, uno cuasiexperimental y el otro multisectorial, microeconómico y de agentes, los resultados muestran que del 2002 al 2007, ni Oportunidades ni Procampo individualmente, ni en conjunto, lograron aumentar significativamente la probabilidad de que los hogares rurales mexicanos salieran de su situación de pobreza o redujeran su vulnerabilidad. Por su parte, el modelo multisectorial de simulación mostró que las transferencias monetarias de estos dos programas no incentivaron la producción de alimentos por parte de dichos agentes. Un tercer resultado documenta la ausencia de sinergias evidentes entre Oportunidades y Procampo. Estas son evidencias que apuntan a la necesidad de rediseñar las políticas de desarrollo rural para que logren vincular efectivamente los apoyos de corte social con los productivos y, con ello, aumentar el bienestar de los habitantes del campo.
Keywords Pobreza, Producción de alimentos, México, Procampo, Prospera, evaluación de impacto, evaluación ex ante
JEL-Codes Q12, R13, D58
Downloads 791

El entorno urbano y las aspiraciones de los padres sobre la educación de sus hijos en México

Aguayo Téllez, Ernesto & Córdova Escalante, Karla Paola

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Abstract This paper models the aspirations of parents about the school attainment of their children using as determinants, characteristics of the social and economic environment, in addition to household's characteristics. This research uses the Mexican Social Mobility Survey 2011 (EMOVI-2011) fulfilled by the Espinosa Rugarcía Foundation (ESRU), which includes, in addition to characteristics of each household member, information on educational aspiration of parents with respect to their children's school attainment. Additionally, information from the Mexican Population Census of 2010, environment characteristics by neighborhood (AGEB), such as average years of education, access to health services, among others, are included. It is found evidence to argue that the surrounding environment does have an effect on the educational aspiration of parents about the school attainment of their children. In addition, it is found that the determinants of these aspirations change with the age of children.
Keywords Educational aspirations, Social mobility, social environment
JEL-Codes D19, D69, I24, C25
Downloads 491

Monetary Policy and the Propagation of Shocks Under Imperfect Exchange-Rate Pass-Through

Guerra, Mariana

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Abstract When the Mexican Crisis of 1994 occurred, the Central Bank of Mexico was forced to abandon its fixed exchange rate system. Since then, monetary policy has been moving toward an inflation targeting regime, which finally became the operational monetary framework in 2001. Moreover, Calvo and Reinhart (2000) find evidence that the actions taken by the Mexican central bank seem to exhibit a fear of floating, which is a modern variant of managed floating. In addition, Ball and Reyes (2003) argue that the while inflation has been the number one policy issue for the Mexican central bank, at times this has required occasional intervention to offset inflationary exchange-rate shocks. However, in a low pass-through environment, the policymaker can simultaneously strictly target consumer price inflation (CPI), but still allow high volatility in the nominal exchange rate to stabilize the real economy in face of the shocks. This result emerges because the low-passthrough eliminates the trade-off between output volatility and inflation volatility. In México in the last years the elasticity of the exchange rate pass-through to general consumer prices has been very low.
Keywords Central Bank, Mexico, Monetary Policy
JEL-Codes E50, E31
Downloads 491

Movilidad intergeneracional de la educación en México: un análisis de cohortes filiales y sexo

Yalonetzky, Gaston

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Abstract Empleando la encuesta ESRU-EMOVI 2011, este trabajo documenta tendencias en la movilidad intergeneracional de la educación en México. Los hallazgos principales son: (1) una reducción entre las cohortes más jóvenes de las diferencias entre las matrices de transición masculinas (padre-hijo) y femeninas (madre-hija); y (2) un aumento monotónico en los tres significados de movilidad intergeneracional identificados por van de Gaer et al. (2001) (es decir, movilidad como movimiento, como igualdad de oportunidades, y como igualdad de chances en la vida), común a las matrices masculinas y femeninas, cuando pasamos de cohortes mayores a más jóvenes.
Keywords movilidad intergeneracional, matrices de transición, México
JEL-Codes J62, O15
Downloads 422

Intergenerational Mobility in Mexico: An Analysis of Education by Offspring Cohorts and Gender

Yalonetzky, Gaston

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Abstract Using the ESRU-EMOVI 2011 survey, this paper documents trends in intergenerational mobility of education in Mexico. The main findings are: (1) a reduction in the difference between male (father-son) and female (mother-daughter) transition matrices among the younger cohorts; and (2) a monotonic increase in the three meanings of intergenerational mobility identified by van de Gaer et al. (2001) (i.e. mobility as movement, as equality of opportunity, and as equality of life chances), common to both male and female matrices, when moving from older to younger cohorts.
Keywords intergenerational mobility, transition matrices, Mexico
JEL-Codes J62, O15
Downloads 391


All articles are also available on RePEc: https://ideas.repec.org/s/smx/journl.html

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